Template: Citation/core - Wikipedia. This template employs intricate features of template syntax. You are encouraged to familiarise yourself with its setup and parser functions before editing the template. If your edit causes unexpected problems, please undo it quickly, as this template may appear on a large number of pages. Remember that you can conduct experiments, and should test all improvements, in either the general Template sandbox or your user space before changing anything here. Template: Citation/core can be thought of as an engine producing consistent output for Wikipedia's citations.
This metadata allows many readers to find cited references more easily, or to extract their details to a reference manager. The presence of a central template makes individual citation templates simpler to code and amend, and produces a consistent look throughout the encyclopaedia. Templates using this 'engine'. A list of templates using citation/core is provided below for testing purposes. Note that the examples below are common uses of each parameter, intended to help editors understand the functioning of this template. In the most part, there is nothing wrong with passing different data to any of the parameters below if it produces the output that is desired.
The exception is in parameters which are associated with a COin. S field. Should not be wikilinked. Typically used to refer to services like Web. Cite and Archive. Should not be wikilinked. Metadata is still produced from .
The fourth is not actually used, but causes et al. Template: Cite web) it may be desirable to use Included. Work. Title for the title, and not use the Title parameter at all. This parameter controls whether or not the template will generate a citation in the style appropriate to a periodical, journal, magazine, or other serial publication. This usually defaults to a period, but may occasionally be a comma. For technical reasons, the template will malfunction if a semicolon is passed as a separator. To circumvent this, the calling template should encode semicolons.
The ninth is not actually used, but causes et al. Used, for example, when citing the title of a book; the chapter title would be passed to Included. Work. Title. Appears in parentheses immediately after Title (or Trans. Title). Can be used in conjunction with Trans. Title, e. g. This translated string will appear in square brackets, following the italicized book title, with the same URL link. The translated title will appear inside square brackets, enclosed within the quotation marks of the Included. Work. Title. Example: First published 1.
This article's citation style may be unclear. The references used may be clearer with a different or consistent style of citation, footnoting, or external linking. Automatic works cited and bibliography formatting for MLA, APA and Chicago/Turabian citation styles. Now supports 7th edition of MLA. Template:For2 The Citation template generates a citation for a book, periodical, contribution in a collective work, patent, or a web page. It determines the citation.
Template:Harvard reference Template:Tdeprecated. These examples of citation within the text are based on related citation template Template. Use our sample 'Wikipedia MLA Citation Template.' Read it or download it for free. Free help from wikiHow. Template:Citation/testcases < Template:Citation. This is the template test cases page for the sandbox of Template:Citation. Purge this page to update the examples.
Template: Citation - Wikipedia. The Citation template generates a citation for a book, periodical, contribution in a collective work, patent, or a web page. It determines the citation type by examining which parameters are used.
If invoked with the right parameters, this template produces output identical to that of the Cite templates, such as . The default behavior sometimes differs from that of the Cite templates; for example, this template by default generates anchors for Harvard references whereas the Cite templates do not (although they can be made to do so), and this template by default uses commas to separate some fields that the Cite templates separate with periods (full stops). The template should be inserted after punctuation, such as a period or comma.
All parameter names are lowercase. The table below gives the most commonly used attributes; you can copy the horizontal form below or vertical form in the left hand column and then add in extra attributes from the full list. Spacing and ordering is irrelevant. Don't use with author. The author's first or given name(s).
Year of authorship or publication. Mandatory for use with links from Template: Harvard citation, unless . Mandatory for web references. The name of the publisher. Omit terms such as Publishers, Co., Inc., Ltd., etc., but retain the words Books or Press. If more than one town/city is listed on the title page, give the first one or the location of the publisher's head office. For use when one page is cited.
Do not use with pages. An url of an online location where the item can be found. All are optional and indentation is used simply to group related items. Some hyphenated names can also be placed without hyphens. It is preferable to use the last/first attributes below for single or multiple authors.
You should still include the first 9 authors to allow metadata to be generated. Recommended usage is lastauthoramp=yes. Names of additional author(s) can be given but author. Name of editor, placed after date with ,ed.
Not required for periodicals. If only date is used, it will be treated as the date of publication. Year of authorship or publication. In some situations, the template may be able to derive a year from the full date.). Month of publication (ignored if the date field is used). Year of first publication, if different. Title of the book or article in a periodical.
If the title includes . The content appears in parentheses following the title.
If the publication is a thesis or dissertation, the type might be specified as type=Ph. D thesis, If the publication is an audiobook on compact disk, the type might be specified as type=CD. Omit terms such as Publishers, Co., Inc., Ltd., etc., but retain the words Books or Press. Not needed if issn or doi used. If more than one town/city is listed on the title page, give the first one or the location of the publisher's head office. If the city is not well- known, you may add a county, region, or state.
Where the publisher is a university and the place or location is included in the name of the university, do not use this parameter. If only place is used, it will be treated as the city of publication. If not English. Finnish. For use when one page is cited. Do not use with pages. Do not use with page.
Using at= has the same effect. Position within the resource when . This parameter is ignored if . Examples of usage of . In this case, you need to specify the kind of identifier you are using, preferably with a template like . The eight- figure ISSN may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen; but not an N- dash or a space. A digital object identifier such as 1.
After this date, the title will automatically link to the free full text at Pub. Med Central (and the parameter will be removed by a bot). The document's bibcode in the Astrophysics Data System, e.
MNRAS. 8. 4. 3. 08. Eurl: An url of an online location where the book can be found. Typically used to refer to services like Web. Cite and Archive. Date when the item was archived. Should not be wikilinked. This defaults to a comma; the 'Cite xxx' family of templates uses a period.
URL of a lay summary of a technical article, which could be in a popular science magazine or newspaper. The Guardian (UK newspaper) or New Scientist. The date. Omit or leave blank to remove the trailing full stop.
Punctuation specified by this parameter will appear within the cite span, and consequently before any icons added by metadata- using software (e. Hence this parameter should be used instead of manually appending data to the citation. This parameter is ignored if . Ampersand (& ) forced before final author's name. If the title includes . It does this by creating an HTML anchor containing an ID.
The special parameter . You can also specify the ID directly, using the .
For example, suppose an article's References section contains the markup. For example, the markup . Bohn, OCLC5. 95. 10.
In this example the . The example above would be < ref>. Wright & Evans 1. If no author names are given, editor names are used instead. For patents, inventor names are used instead of authors or editors. If these names are not given, this template does not generate an anchor.
Last names are used, as specified by the parameters . If a full name is given but no last name is specified, this template falls back on the full name, but this usage is not recommended.
If no year is given, this template attempts to derive the year from . This heuristic works with many common date formats (American, International and YYYY- MM- DD as listed in WP: MOS) but may not work as expected with other formats, so when in doubt it may be safer to use . Note that if only a year, say 2. For example, suppose a page contains the following two citations with .
To avoid this problem, distinguish the citations by appending suffixes to the years, e. Any Harvard references to these citations should use years with the same suffixes.
It is good practice to verify that a page does not contain duplicate IDs by using the W3. C Markup Validation Service; see External links. Example formats used in Wikipedia citations include: 2. September 2. 00. 9September 1. Sep 1. 4September 2.
Sept./Oct. 2. 00. As indicated above, month names are sometimes abbreviated (e. September to . It replaces the name of the first author (which must still be provided to garner metadata) with a strike- thru dash (. Set author- mask to a text value to display a word instead . You must still include.